Color: Heartwood is mostly reddish brown; sapwood is generally pale white.
Grain: Mostly closed, straight grain; fine, uniform texture. Coarser than European beech.
Variations Within Species And Grades: Only one species is native to the United States. Moderate to high color variation between boards.
Hardness/Janka: 1320; 2% harder than Northern red oak.
Dimensional Stability: Above average (7.8; 9% mre stabel than Northern red oak).
Sawing/Machining: Difficult to work with hand tools, but good machining qualities.
Nailing: Has a tendency to split the tongues.
Sanding: Sands satisfactorily if the correct sanding sequence is followed.
Finishing: May be difficult to stain.
Origin: North America.