Color: Heartwood is light brown; some boards may have a pinkish tint or a slight grayish cast. Sapwood is white to cream.
Grain: Open, with longer rays than red oak. Occasional crotches, swirls and burls. Plainsawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; riftsawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quartersawn has a flake pattern, sometimes called tiger rays or butt
Variations Within Species And Grades: Considerable variation among boards in color and grain texture, but variations not as pronounced as in red oak.
Hardness/Janka: Janka: 1210 (6% softer than Northern red oak)
Dimensional Stability: Average (1-.5; 22% less stable than red oak)
Sawing/Machining: Excellent machining qualities.
Nailing: No known problems.
Sanding: Sands satisfactorily if the correct sanding sequence is followed.
Finishing: During the finishing process, tannins at the surface can react with some liquids to turn the wood green or brown. This effect tends to be mroe pronounced with products that have a high water content, such as wood bleach & water-based finishes.
Origin: North America